Common Blood Diseases in Dogs Symptoms and treatment

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Blood diseases in dogs are not as uncommon as you think they are. Your dog has every chance of contracting it whether it be due to several factors. as his genes, improper working of the immune system, blood cancer etc.
A few common blood diseases in dogs are Anemia, Hemolytic Anemia, Hemangiosarcoma and Coagulation Disorders


When your dog has a lower than the normal number of red blood cells and/or hemoglobin, then your dog is anemic.Anemia is erroneously characterized as a disease, but it is actually a side-effect or rather, resultant of some other underlying problem your dog might have.


Symptoms of anemia in your dog are tiredness and the discoloration of your dog’s gums.

The pink color of your dog’s gums is lost.


1-Mild cases

Treatment of mild cases involves rest, recovery from the underlying condition and a wholesome, nutritious diet.

2-Serious cases

Serious cases, however, require an immediate blood transfusion.


Hemolytic anemia

This is an autoimmune disease.

In this disease, the red blood cells of the afflicted dog are rapidly destroyed by his or her immune system.

Symptoms of Hemolytic anemia

The symptoms of Hemolytic anemia include:

  • bloody urine and feces
  • pale gums
  • an increase in the heart beat
  • rapid breathing and even Jaundice.


Treatment of this disease involves the suppression of the immune system of the dog, which is accomplished by the administering of steroids and even blood transfusion.

There is no vaccine for this disease, but it has been known to increase the chances of your dog contracting it.


Coagulation Disorders

The main cause of this disorder is your dog’s heredity.

Blood clotting is important processes occur to prevent excessive bleeding. in the process, many factors work together to form a clot and

If one or more of the factors responsible for clotting of blood is absent in your dog, then your dog suffers from this condition. The most apparent syndrome of this condition is profuse bleeding, even in the absence of a cause, bruises in spite of the fact that your dog is not injured and bloody urine.

This too can be treated via blood transfusion, antibiotics, and corticosteroids.

A Vitamin K rich diet is recommended.


  • This is a form of canine cancer, which develops in the lining of the spleen and in the blood vessels as well.
  • These tumors occur in dogs who are middle-aged or old.
  • Skin lesions are the most obvious symptom of this blood disease in dogs.


Treatment of this form of cancer, like all other forms cancer, is treatable by removing the tumor.

Blood diseases and disorders in dogs are a very, very serious issue, do not ignore the warning signs and get your dog treated as soon as possible for a speedy recovery.

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