Behavior Problems in Dogs and normal behavior.What’s Normal and What’s Not, How Do you Know If your Dog Has A Behavior Problem.
A behavior problem is when a dog is acting in a way that the owners wish he would not.
These range from minor, which most people choose to live with, to severe, where the pleasures of living with the dog are affected by the problem behavior. This is when people usually decide they must do something about it.
Some Behavior Problems in Dogs may be related to environmental conditions whereas others may be due to medical conditions.
This is a list of common dog behavior problems, identifies common causes of Bad behavior in dogs, and explains how to treat the issues.
1- Feeding Behavior Problems in Dogs.
1- Pisa (ingestion of inappropriate materials):
Some dogs often consume inappropriate materials like stones or other objects. Which may cause stomach or intestinal impaction that require surgical removal. It maybe an attention-getting behavior
. The problem can treated with extinction and remote punishment. Types of punishment that have been used with some success include that :
- baiting the objects with a hot pepper powder.
- hot wires.
2-Coprophagy (eating faeces):
1-It may be essentially a displacement activity in response to boredom.
2-It may be an attention-getting behaviour.
3-It may be a response to some sort of unknown nutritional deficiency.
4-In very young animals, it may function to establish “an appropriate intestinal flora”.
1 -Baiting with feces with a foul-tasting substance like hot pepper powder which can produce a conditional aversion to feces.
2 -The dietary changes can sometimes help to make the dog’s own feces less palatable to eat it.
feeding a high-fiber, high-protein, low carbohydrate diet, an iron supplement and adding vegetable oil.
3 -Producing taste aversion learning by injection apomorphine into dog’s feces which will cause nausea and vomiting shortly after ingestion.
1-Medical or physiological cause like, for example, a gastrointestinal disorder or food allergy.
2-Conditioned aversion to food as result of gastrointestinal sickness resulting from some allergen in food.
Treatment of Anorexia:
1-When respiratory disease has caused loss of smell which in turn, produces loss of appetite, placing food in the mouth to activate taste receptors may help stimulate eating.
2-If an emotional problem is involved, it must be identified the emotional problem (e.g. advise owner to find another child to play with dog if a young boy who used to play with it lost interest in it ).
3-Administration of an appetite-stimulating drug .
2- Sexual Behavior Problems in Dogs
1-lack of sexual interest breeding animals:
-In this case a male may not be familiar enough with or comfortable enough in-the breeding environment.
2-Male’s incorrect orientation during attempted mounting may be a result of insufficient contact and sexual play with other puppies early in life.
3-Females show marked preferences for some male over others even when in full oestrus.
4-Males will mate with females more readily than others.
3- problems with maternal behavior :
- Cannibalism is eating the flesh or internal organs of another animal of the same species
Cannibalism in dogs is often considered to be related to:
- the immaturity of the mother.
- lack of maternal experience.
- illness of the newborn.
- hyper emotionality.
- environmental disturbances.
There may be circumstances when cannibalism can be considered normal.Sickly puppies might harbor disease organisms that could be transmitted to littermates.
If a mother attacks and consumes the sickly pups she loses one but save the rest of the litter.
The trigger for such cannibalism may be cold or inactive pups.
- There may also be hormonal factors that incite a mother to attack her infants.
The placenta produces appreciable amounts of progesterone during pregnancy, but the level falls at parturition with the detachment and expulsion of the placenta.
- Since progesterone has calming properties, the decline in progesterone may precipitate irritability and aggression toward the young, especially since other disturbances are occurring at the same time.
It is the most common in bitches that have undergone caesarean section and have been aneasthetized during the time they would normally be smelling and licking neonatal puppies.
- pseudopregnancy is a common disorder in non-pregnant bitch.
- the most obvious signs of pseudopregnancy is enlargement of the mammary area and abdomen, the mammary gland may develop to the point of secreting milk.
- Restlessness and bitch becomes less active.
This disorder usually subsides within the last two weeks of expected parturition.
In some bitches, the pseudopregnancy continues into parturition with the female displaying behavioural signs of impending parturition, including abdominal contractions and straining. Soon afterward the bitch may collect a few stuffed toys and treat them as newborn puppies, licking and hovering over them as if to nurse them.
Pseudopregnancy does not occur in spayed bitches.
The syndrome appears to be brought on by the secretion of progesterone by the ovarian corpus luteum which forms after ovulation occurs.
Treatmentof Pseudopregnancy :
administration of sex steroids will often suppress the signs of this disorder.
A common treatment is megestrol acetate for a week or longer .
Spying a female dog will prevent the condition from occurring in the future.
4- Destructiveness Behavior Problems in Dogs.
1-Absence of the owner from the home.
2-lack of environmental stimulation:
4-Breed incidence: There may be a breed incidence factor as well
Ex Beagles, German shepherds seem to be particularly prone to this behavioral problems, Terrier-type dogs are not prone to destructiveness .
Prevention of the development of misbehavior
Is always easier than eliminating established misbehavior .
Puppies should not be given old shoes or piece of rug to chew upon because they will not be able to differentiate between the cast-off shoes and the new.
It is the simplest way to treat d to make consequence of chewing on an object unpleasant
e.g. painting the chewed object with the hot sauce of chili and cayenne pepper.
The most effective punishment is electric shock.
Loneliness has been mentioned as a cause of destructiveness behavior and in some cases relieving the loneliness relieve the dog of its destructiveness.
It is important that the dog get enough exercise.
Progesterone therapy for a short period (10-14 days) to calm the dog.
5-Aggressive behavior problems in dogs
- Aggression is the most serious behavior problem in dogs.
- By nature most dogs are not aggressive, if they are showing aggression, either from past owners neglect or the wrong training methods that were implemented.
- Socialize, have your dog being around other dogs from an early stage will prevent this but if you have an older dog take him to a dog park and let him socialize.
- Do Not leave him chained up or caged for any length of time if he is in a cage a lot he will get agitated and anxiety builds up and he becomes aggressive.
- If for any reason he is aggressive and you do not know why or he suddenly become aggressive take him to see a vet because he might have a medical problem.
6- Excessive Barking:
- Barking is the dogs main mode of communication.
- Certain breeds have been bread to bark such as watchdogs and sheepdogs. Most barking is used to alert or warn others and is used in territorial disputes.
- Many dogs use barking to attract attention, play, or identify itself to other canines.
- Barking also occurs in dogs from excitement, being startled, loneliness, anxiety, teasing, or simply out of boredom
Barking is an even more difficult problem to treat than destructiveness because it affects and worries not only the owner but also anyone else in the earshot.
Some dogs tied up outside be of boredom or discomfort and these conditions should be remedied if they exist.
Treatment of Barking:
Treatment of barking can involve
1-extinction procedure and punishment depending on the nature of problem.
extinction is a way of eliminating a behavioral problem that he has learned.
some form of punishment may be the most expedient way to deal with barking, whether it is learned, spontaneous or innate bahaviour.
-Collars that deliver an aversive stimulus such as a shock or loud noise are an attempt at remote punishment.
If a dog given an aversive stimulus each time it barks, then barking is likely to be eliminated.
The punishment itself is directly should paired with barking. The use of electrical shock collars has proven quite effective.
7- Storm-related phobia:
Fear of the loud noise thunder is understandable and most dogs that are afraid of thunder simply slink under a bed.
Treatment of Storm-related phobia :
The goal of therapy is to habituate the dog to thunderstorm though desensitization.
- The dog is made to lie quietly near the owner and a very good quality tape recording of thunder is played to the dog.
- At first the volume is kept very low. If the dog shows no signs of apprehension, it will rewarded with food and the volume will raised slightly.
You can use the same procedure to treat other noise-related phobia.
- Tranquilizers may be advantageous in treating fear loud sound, Particularly if dog shows an emotional response to the lowest level of fear-inducing stimulus.
- A serious disorder is sheep worrying. In addition to the sheep which may be attacked and killed or injured, the shock can cause serious harm to in-lamb ewes and newborn lambs, which become separated from their mothers.
Other dogs kill poultry and may injure cattle.
- Puppies tend to run after sheep and poultry.
- it should be trained at an early age, not to do so.
9- Bitting human beings:
Although dogs do not normally bite people, nervous individuals may snap and bite through fear. there is evidence that excessive shyness which leads to this vice can be inherited and it is not advisable to breed from animal with this behavioural disorder.